• The Art of Liquidity in DeFi: Strategic Insights on LPs

    The Art of Liquidity in DeFi: Strategic Insights on LPs

    In the ever-evolving realm of decentralized finance (DeFi), liquidity pools stand as the linchpin that powers the seamless exchange of assets on DEXs (decentralized exchanges) and the generation of passive income for liquidity providers. These automated market makers (AMMs) serve not just as a backbone for trading but also as a canvas for the savvy liquidity manager aiming to maximize returns in a dynamic ecosystem. With the promise of liquidity pool crypto assets driving a new era of financial freedom, understanding the intricacies of how these pools operate, and the strategies for mitigating risks such as impermanent loss becomes paramount for anyone looking to dive into the DeFi waters.

    This article will navigate you through the essential strategies for choosing the right liquidity pools, managing the daunting impermanent loss, and the art of rebalancing to maintain portfolio equilibrium. Furthermore, we’ll explore avenues for diversification and risk management, how to capitalize on yield farming and incentives, and the effective use of LP tokens. The journey also includes leveraging cutting-edge tools and resources for liquidity providers and the breakthrough concept of concentrated liquidity, providing a comprehensive roadmap for thriving as a liquidity manager or provider in the decentralized exchanges landscape.

    Choosing the Right Liquidity Pool

    In the vast ocean of decentralized finance (DeFi), selecting the right liquidity pool can be akin to finding a pearl. It’s not just about the shimmer but also about the value it holds. Let’s dive into the essential factors you should consider when choosing a liquidity pool, ensuring your dive into the DeFi world is both rewarding and insightful.

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    Understanding Total Value Locked (TVL)

    Total Value Locked (TVL) is your first beacon in the murky waters of liquidity pools. It represents the total amount of assets held in a DeFi protocol. A higher TVL indicates a thriving ecosystem with a significant amount of assets under management, suggesting stability and trustworthiness. It’s also a reflection of user confidence, as a high TVL shows that many users are willing to lock their assets in the protocol. When evaluating a liquidity pool, consider its TVL as a measure of its health and growth potential. A pool with a consistently high TVL is often a safer bet, as it shows sustained user interest and liquidity.

    1. Calculate TVL: Determine the current market value of all assets in the pool.
    2. Compare TVLs: Look at the TVLs of different pools to gauge their size and popularity.
    3. TVL Ratio Analysis: Assess the TVL ratio (market cap of DeFi token/TVL of the DeFi protocol) for insights into the pool’s valuation.

    Assessing Daily Trade Volume

    The daily trade volume of a liquidity pool is like the current of a river – it shows how much activity is flowing through. A higher trade volume means more swaps are happening, which translates to higher fees for liquidity providers. It’s a critical metric for understanding the pool’s popularity and the potential for earning transaction fees.

    1. Review Trade Histories: Examine short and long-term trading volume histories to predict future activity.
    2. Volume Growth: Check if the trading volume is constant or increasing, as this can indicate a healthy and engaging platform.
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    Evaluating Trade Sizes in Liquidity Pools

    While high trading volume is essential, understanding the average trade size can provide deeper insights into the dynamics of a liquidity pool. It’s a common misconception that the profitability of fees directly correlates with the number or size of trades. In reality, fees in automated market makers (AMMs) like Uniswap are calculated as a percentage of the trade volume, not the number of trades. Therefore, whether a pool processes a few large trades or many small trades, the total fee revenue depends on the cumulative trading volume.

    1. Volume Over Quantity: Focus on the total volume traded rather than the number of trades. A pool with a smaller number of large trades may generate the same fees as a pool with many smaller trades if the total trading volume is similar.
    2. Fee Proportions: Understand the fee structure of the pool. Pools with higher fee percentages can offer greater returns on the same volume, compensating for potentially lower trading activity.

    By analyzing these aspects, you can more effectively choose a liquidity pool that matches your investment goals in the DeFi space. The ideal pool aligns not just with potential returns but also with your risk tolerance and strategic approach. Navigate wisely to find your most suitable investment waters in the expansive DeFi sea.

    Managing Impermanent Loss

    Impermanent loss (IL) is a significant risk when providing liquidity in decentralized exchanges (DEXs), particularly for assets with high volatility. Understanding and managing this risk is crucial for maintaining the value of your investments in liquidity pools. Below, we explore strategies to mitigate impermanent loss and emphasize the importance of selecting the right asset pairs:

    Strategies to Mitigate Impermanent Loss

    1. Choosing Pools of Stablecoin Pairs:
      Participating in liquidity pools that involve highly correlated assets or stablecoins can significantly reduce the potential for impermanent loss. Pools that pair stablecoins, such as USDT/USDC, tend to experience minimal price disparity, thus maintaining a more stable value.
    2. Utilizing Automated Strategies:
      Advanced algorithms and automated trading strategies can dynamically adjust the asset ratios in your liquidity pool to respond to market conditions and minimize impermanent loss. These tools often require a deeper understanding of market mechanics but can be highly effective in preserving the value of your investments.
    3. Incentive Structures:
      Some protocols offer additional rewards in the form of protocol tokens to compensate for potential losses due to impermanent loss. While this can be an attractive strategy, it’s important to consider the long-term value of these tokens and potential market saturation.
    4. Insurance Options:
      Emerging solutions in DeFi include insurance products designed to protect against significant impermanent loss. Before opting for such solutions, carefully evaluate the terms, costs, and coverage limits to ensure they align with your risk management strategy.

    Importance of Correlation in Asset Pairs

    Understanding the correlation between assets in a liquidity pair is pivotal in managing impermanent loss. Assets that move independently or in opposite directions (low or negative correlation) tend to reduce the risk of impermanent loss but might attract fewer trading fees due to less trading activity. On the other hand, highly correlated asset pairs might offer more fees but come with a higher risk of impermanent loss.

    1. Low Correlation Pairs:
      Opting for pairs like ETH/LINK or ETH/UNI can provide a safeguard against significant market shifts affecting both assets similarly. This strategy might result in lower fee earnings but offers a more stable investment in volatile markets.
    2. High Correlation Pairs:
      Pairs such as BTC/ETH or similar high-cap cryptocurrencies might experience simultaneous growth or decline, increasing the risk of impermanent loss if the market moves unfavorably.

    By strategically selecting the right asset pairs and employing risk mitigation strategies, you can effectively manage impermanent loss, ensuring a more stable and profitable experience in liquidity provisioning within the DeFi ecosystem.

    Diversification and Risk Management

    Diversification and risk management are essential practices for anyone venturing into the world of decentralized finance (DeFi) and liquidity pools. By spreading investments across various pools and understanding the potential risks involved, liquidity providers (LPs) can safeguard against market volatility and optimize their returns. This section delves into the benefits of diversifying your portfolio across different pools and strategies for identifying and mitigating potential risks.

    Benefits of Diversifying Across Pools

    1. Spread of Risk: Diversification is a cornerstone of investing, more so in the volatile DeFi space. By allocating assets across various trading pairs and liquidity pools, you effectively distribute and thereby reduce your exposure to the risk associated with any single pool. This approach is akin to not putting all your eggs in one basket, ensuring that the underperformance of one asset doesn’t disproportionately impact your overall portfolio.
    2. Access to a Broader Range of Opportunities: Different liquidity pools offer varying levels of returns based on trading volumes, fees, and the assets involved. While major pairs like ETH/USDT might attract a lot of competition, thereby reducing potential returns, diversifying across pools allows LPs to capture opportunities from less saturated markets, potentially increasing overall earnings.
    3. Balancing High-Risk and Low-Risk Investments: By diversifying, you can balance your portfolio between high-risk and low-risk pools. High-risk pools might offer the allure of higher returns but come with a greater chance of impermanent loss. On the other hand, pools with stablecoin pairs or those involving assets with lower volatility offer more stable returns, albeit potentially lower. This balance can help achieve a more consistent performance across your DeFi investment portfolio.

    Identifying and Mitigating Potential Risks

    1. Understanding Impermanent Loss: One of the key risks in providing liquidity is impermanent loss, which occurs when the price of assets in a pool changes compared to when they were deposited. To mitigate this, consider pools with assets that have lower volatility or those that implement dynamic fee structures. These structures can incentivize LPs to remain in the pool longer, potentially offsetting losses through accumulated fees.
    2. Assessing Liquidity Pool Performance: Regular assessment of the liquidity pools you’re invested in is crucial. This includes monitoring the total value locked (TVL), daily trade volume, and average trade size, which can provide insights into the pool’s health and your potential earnings. Adjust your investments based on these performance metrics to optimize returns.
    3. Allocating According to Risk Tolerance: Your investment in liquidity pools should reflect your risk tolerance. High-risk pools may offer the potential for greater returns but come with an increased risk of impermanent loss and volatility. Conversely, low-risk pools provide more stable returns. Regular rebalancing of your portfolio in response to changing market conditions can help maintain an optimal diversification level that aligns with your investment goals.
    4. Educating Yourself on DeFi Risks: Beyond impermanent loss, LPs face risks such as slippage, asset depreciation, and smart contract vulnerabilities. Familiarizing yourself with these risks and how they can impact your investments is crucial. Utilize resources like impermanent loss calculators and stay informed about the latest developments in DeFi security to make informed decisions.

    By adopting a strategic approach to diversification and risk management, you can navigate the complexities of liquidity pools with greater confidence. Balancing your portfolio across different assets and pools, while staying informed about potential risks, can enhance your ability to generate stable returns in the dynamic landscape of DeFi.

    Utilizing Yield Farming and Incentives

    Yield farming, or liquidity mining, is a cornerstone of the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem, offering a way for liquidity providers to earn rewards. This process not only fuels the liquidity in decentralized exchanges (DEXs) but also provides an avenue for earning passive income through various DeFi platforms. Here, we’ll dive into how yield farming works and share strategies for maximizing your rewards.

    How Yield Farming Works

    1. Choosing a Platform:
      Begin your yield farming journey by selecting a reputable DeFi platform. Key considerations should include the platform’s security measures, its reputation within the DeFi community, and the potential yield it offers.
    2. Providing Liquidity:
      The essence of yield farming involves depositing token pairs into a liquidity pool via a smart contract. For example, you might deposit Ethereum (ETH) and a stablecoin like DAI in equal proportions.
    3. Earning Rewards:
      As a liquidity provider, you’re rewarded with a share of the platform’s trading fees and additional rewards in the form of tokens. Platforms with high trading volumes can offer significant rewards.

    Maximizing Rewards Through Yield Farming

    To make the most out of yield farming, consider the following strategies:

    1. Diversification:
      Spread your investments across various liquidity pools and platforms rather than focusing on a single pool. This approach minimizes risk and exposes you to a wider range of rewards.
    2. APY Assessment:
      The Annual Percentage Yield (APY) is a critical metric for yield farmers. Comparing APYs across platforms helps identify the most profitable opportunities. However, be wary of exceptionally high APYs, which may signal higher risks.
    3. Mitigating Impermanent Loss:
      Impermanent loss, a risk in yield farming, can be mitigated by choosing less volatile token pairs or employing strategies such as yield farming with impermanent loss insurance.
    4. Staking and Yield Aggregators:
      Staking the LP tokens received from yield farming can compound your rewards. Yield aggregators automate fund movements between platforms to maximize returns.
    5. Timing:
      Market trends and news can affect token values. Use limit orders to manage your entry and exit points in liquidity pools effectively.
    6. Risk Management:
      While yield farming can offer high returns, it comes with significant risks. Never invest more than you can afford to lose and consider balancing your portfolio with less risky assets.

    By understanding the mechanics of yield farming and employing strategic approaches to maximize rewards, you can enhance your earning potential in the DeFi space. Remember, diversification, careful platform selection, and risk management are key to navigating the yield farming landscape successfully.

    Leveraging Tools and Resources

    Monitoring Pool Performance

    To stay ahead in the dynamic DeFi landscape, it’s crucial to continuously monitor the performance of your liquidity pools. Utilizing tools like Krystal tools can simplify this task by providing comprehensive analytics on your pool’s performance, including APY (Annual Percentage Yield) and APR (Annual Percentage Rate). These tools offer a two-tiered dashboard that not only tracks your active deposits but also helps you spot the most profitable liquidity pools, making it easier to manage your LP exposure and make informed decisions.

    1. Track Real-Time Performance: Use liquidity pool trackers to monitor the current performance metrics of your pools. This includes checking the APY/APR, which can fluctuate based on the pool’s trading volume and liquidity.
    2. Assess Risk and Returns: Tools like Krystal provide actionable analytics that help you understand the risk-reward ratio of different pools, enabling you to balance your portfolio according to your risk tolerance.
    3. Automated Alerts: Set up alerts for significant changes in pool metrics such as sudden drops in APY or spikes in trading volume, which could affect your investment.

    Using Analytical Tools for Better Decision-Making

    Krystal enhances your decision-making process in liquidity pool management with its state-of-the-art analytical tools. Our platform offers an in-depth look into the DeFi market by compiling and visualizing data from multiple blockchains, enabling you to make informed decisions based on current and historical performance metrics.

    Krystal provides a detailed view of the DeFi LP landscape, including tracking metrics like total value locked (TVL) across various protocols and blockchains. This broad market overview helps you understand market dynamics and identify high-potential opportunities.

    By incorporating Krystal’s analytical tools into your liquidity management strategy, you not only gain a competitive advantage in the dynamic DeFi sector but also enhance your ability to optimize returns and effectively mitigate risks. These resources simplify the tracking and analysis process, providing you with the critical insights needed to succeed in managing your positions and get a constant passive earning.


    Throughout this exploration of the Art of Liquidity in DeFi, we’ve provided a comprehensive look into the strategies necessary for optimizing your presence in Automated Market Makers (AMM) pools, tackling impermanent loss, and enhancing returns through yield farming and strategic pool selection. By highlighting the importance of diversifying your investment portfolio, managing risks effectively, and leveraging advanced tools for informed decision-making, we’ve laid down a foundational roadmap for both newcomers and seasoned investors in the decentralized finance ecosystem.

    As the DeFi landscape continues to evolve with new technologies and market dynamics, the insights shared here aim to empower investors to navigate these waters with confidence and strategic acumen. Remember, the journey to maximizing liquidity pool returns is one of continuous learning and adaptation. By staying informed, utilizing the right tools, and applying the strategies discussed, you are well-equipped to capitalize on the opportunities that DeFi offers while managing the risks inherent in this innovative financial frontier.


    1. How do Automated Market Maker (AMM) liquidity pools function?

      Automated Market Makers utilize liquidity pools where users contribute cryptocurrencies to ensure there’s enough liquidity for trading. These pools use specific algorithms to determine the prices of tokens based on their relative proportions in the pool. Users can then trade tokens directly through the AMM by swapping one token for another.

    2. What exactly is a liquidity pool in decentralized finance (DeFi)?

      In DeFi, liquidity pools are essential components that consist of pooled funds used to facilitate various activities within the ecosystem. For instance, if someone wants to exchange ETH for USDC, the tokens they receive are sourced from a liquidity pool that holds the necessary assets.

    3. What strategies are involved in managing a liquidity pool?

      Managing a liquidity pool involves an investment strategy that transforms how trading and borrowing are conducted on DeFi platforms. Essentially, a liquidity pool aggregates all the funds deposited into a smart contract, making them available for different operations like decentralized trading, financing, and lending.

    4. What is the mathematical formula used in AMM liquidity pools?

      The pricing of assets within a liquidity pool is governed by a mathematical formula, typically the Constant Product Market Maker model. This model is described by the equation x*y=k, where “x” and “y” are the quantities of two different tokens in the pool, and “k” remains a constant value, ensuring the pool’s total value stays balanced during trades.

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  • Krystal Product Update – April 2024

    Krystal Product Update – April 2024

    April has been a successful month for Krystal with $110M LP volume despite the unfavorable market condition. This achievement serves as a strong motivation for us to persist in our efforts to establish Krystal as a leading Automated Liquidity Manager in the DeFi space. Throughout April, we introduced several new features and implemented significant changes aimed at enhancing our users’ experience. Let’s explore these updates below.

    1. New Features

    1.1. Support Swap, Zap In, and Zap Out on Base chain

    Since the start of 2024, Base has emerged as a prominent Layer 2 chain for liquidity providers, boasting over $1.5 billion in Total Value Locked (TVL) and a daily volume of $400 million. We see this as just the beginning for Base, especially considering its potential to onboard millions of Coinbase users. Our choice to integrate Base has been validated, with Krystal recording $16 million in LP volume on Base in April alone, solidifying Base’s position as one of the top three most popular chains on Krystal.

    Pic 1. Krystal’s LP Volume on Base by transaction type

    1.2. Support Zap In and Zap Out on both Krystal Android and iOS apps

    During the time of high market volatility, managing LP has become increasingly challenging, particularly since our users aren’t constantly at their computers. To address this, we’ve incorporated Zap In and Zap Out features into our mobile apps, offering our users a more convenient experience.

    1.3. Support Add Liquidity, Remove Liquidity and Claim Fees on Krystal for PancakeSwap v2, v3; UniSwap v2, and SushiSwap v2

    With these additions, users can now directly add or remove liquidity and claim fees on those protocols without leaving the Krystal UI. This represents a crucial step towards providing a complete liquidity provider journey through Krystal.

    2. Deprecated Features

    2.1. Stop supporting swap on Solana chain

    Given that we currently don’t have a concrete plan to support liquidity providers on Solana, we temporarily halted our Swap function on the Solana chain. This decision allows us to direct our focus towards other chains where we can provide more effective services to our liquidity providers. While Solana remains highly desirable, we will reassess its feasibility and viability before considering its reintroduction.

    2.2. Remove Portfolio tab, Transaction History tab, NFT tab, and Notification on Web

    As we are refining our web platform to better cater to liquidity providers, we have removed legacy features originally developed for Krystal as a wallet. This adjustment aims to offer users a more streamlined experience focused on liquidity provision while also allowing us to allocate resources more effectively towards developing impactful features for our users.

    Instead of Portfolio tab, users can check their wallet holding by clicking on their wallet dropdown on the sidebar.

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    Pic 2. Wallet holding info

    3. Other Improvements

    3.1. Add short-cut buttons for LP transactions

    3.1.1. “Add liquidity” button on Explorer Page

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    Pic 3. “Add Liquidity” shortcut

    3.1.2. “Add Liquidity”, “Remove Liquidity”, “Claim Fees”, and “Adjust Range” buttons on Profile page.

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    Pic 4. “Add Liquidity”, “Remove Liquidity”, “Claim Fees”, and “Adjust Range”

    3.2. Update Krystal Docs

    All information about Krystal as an ALM can be found in our Krystal Docs page. We’ll continue updating the docs as we develop Krystal further.

    We hope these changes will better help you manage your liquidity with Krystal. If you have any inputs or feedback to us, please don’t hesitate to let us know through our social media channels:
    X: https://twitter.com/KrystalDeFi
    Telegram: https://t.me/KrystalDeFi_Global

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  • Krystal Point System – 2024 Airdrop

    Krystal Point System – 2024 Airdrop

    🔵 Last Updated on 10/06/2024

    After more than three years of continuous development, filled with numerous highs and lows, your unwavering support has always been invaluable. From the outset, our primary goal has been to deliver value to our users, a mission that remains unchanged. However, there remains a question from the community that we have yet to answer:

    “Wen token?”

    Today, we are delighted to announce to the community that:

    “This year, 2024!”

    And, in addition to the upcoming launch of the Krystal token, we also want to share information about the largest airdrop to our community since our genesis.

    Introducing Krystal Points

    The Krystal Points program is a specially tailored initiative that aims to show our gratitude and give back to our dedicated users. These are the individuals who have used, are currently using, or will use Krystal’s products in the near future as part of their LP journey. Our users make us great, and this program is our first step in actively involving them in the future growth and success of Krystal.

    There are three types of Krystal Points you can earn:

    • Retroactive points for wallet addresses that were snapshotted on 11:00 UTC, March 25, 2024. The conditions to receive these points are detailed in the following section.
    • Points for wallet addresses that participate in tasks after the snapshot period.
    • Extra points for partners’ communities


    What can I do to earn Krystal Points?

    1. Retroactive points

    You will receive retroactive points if you fall into at least one of the following categories:

    • Early adopters: You are an LP user who swapped or performed any LP transactions on Krystal since our revamp in November 2023 up until our snapshot time
    • You minted a Krystal NFT from our 2 Galxe campaigns: Celebrating 2 Years campaign and LP campaign

    Please note: The snapshot for retroactive points was captured on March 25, 2024, 11:00 UTC

    Even if you are ineligible for retroactive points, you can begin accumulating Krystal Points from now on. Regardless of how late we’ve met, you remain a valued user to us 😉

    2. Points for current users

    You can earn Krystal Points through many different activities, including:

    Daily check-in:

    Check in and maintain your streak to unlock more points

    LP Activities:

    🔵 Updated on 10/06/2024 : For each dollar of fees you claim on a LP position opened on Krystal, you will now earn 100,000 points. 🔥 This update applies regardless of whether the fee is claimed through Krystal’s UI or another project’s UI.

    • Open LP positions using Krystal’s Zap In
    • Close LP positions using Krystal’s Zap Out
    • Compound LP fees on Krystal
    • Rebalance your LP position on Krystal
    • Set up Auto-Rebalance (points will be added when the transaction is triggered)

    Note: Points will be added for transactions on 6 chains: Ethereum, BNB chain, Polygon, Arbitrum One, Base, and Optimism. Please find details in the Rules for Zap In, Zap Out, Compound, and Rebalance section below.

    Swap on Krystal:

    🔵 Updated on 10/06/2024 : Points for swapping remain to 10 points per dollar swapped.

    Update on 11AM UTC, March 27, 2024:

    1. Swap on Aurora, Fantom, Avalanche, Klaytn, Cronos and Linea will no longer get points. All transactions before this announcement on these 6 chains still get points.
    2. Wrap and Unwrap transactions will not earn points.

    Social Activities:

    • Follow Krystal’s X
    • Weekly social quizzes
    • Write X posts and get retweeted by Krystal
    • Refer your friends and earn 10% their points from their LP transactions on Krystal (including Zap In, Zap Out, Rebalance, and Compound). To start, create a unique referral link for yourself HERE and begin referring your friends!

    3. Extra points for partners’ communities

    Our journey would not be possible without our partners, and we are delighted to welcome THENA and OneID as part of the Krystal Point program.

    As special partners of Krystal, THENA and OneID users will enjoy the following privileges:


    While performing LP tasks on THENA, users will earn x5 points compared to other tasks. The LP tasks include:

    • Open LP positions using Krystal’s Zap In
    • Close LP positions using Krystal’s Zap Out
    • Compound LP fees on Krystal
    • Rebalance your LP position on Krystal
    • Set up Auto-Rebalance (points will be add when the transaction is triggered)

    Note: Rules have been applied. Please find details in the Rules for Zap In, Zap Out, Compound, and Rebalance section below.


    Each wallet address that holds OneID and is connected to Krystal will receive 1,000 free points.

    Please note:

    • Each OneID can only receive 1,000 free points once. If the ID is linked to multiple wallets, only the first wallet that connects to Krystal will receive points.
    • If you have multiple OneIDs in a wallet, the number of points you will receive is calculated using this formula: 1,000 points x total number of valid OneIDs.
    • A “valid” OneID is one that hasn’t received 1,000 free points in any snapshot round before.
    • Every Monday at 8AM UTC, we will take a snapshot of all wallets with OneIDs and distribute the points after that. This means that your points will not be added immediately when you connect your wallet.


    Fixed token allocation to Legacy Users

    Legacy users: Users who had interacted with Krystal’s smart contract before January 1, 2024

    • All legacy users will be marked as “Yes” in “Your Krystal Balance” tooltip on the Krystal Points homepage.
    • There is a fixed token allocation dedicated to legacy users, which is not impacted by the number of points they earn.

    Note: To filter out bots and increase the allocation to loyal legacy users, we will only airdrop to legacy wallets which have at least 10,000 points by the end of the Krystal Points program, which is equivalent to swapping $1,000 or Zap In with $100 going through swap


    Rules for Zap In, Zap Out, Compound, and Adjust Range

    🔵 Updated on 10/06/2024: We have updated our points system for Zap In, Zap Out, Compound, and Rebalance activities. Now, you will earn 100 points for every $1 you Zap In or Zap Out, regardless of whether a swap is triggered or not. This change aims to simplify the rewards process and ensure all users are compensated for their transactions.

    Below are some examples reflecting the new points mechanism:

    • Zap In an out-range position: Previously, no points were awarded since no swap was triggered. Under the new system, you will earn points based on the dollar value zapped in, even if no swap occurs.
    • Zap In 100 USDT into an in-range ETH/BNB position: Under the old system, you would earn 10,000 points, as the whole 100 USDT got swapped into ETH and BNB. With the new rules, you will continue to earn 10,000 points for zapping in 100 USDT, reflecting the updated general rule.
    • Zap In $100 worth of ETH into an in-range ETH/BNB position, in which $20 worth of ETH was swapped into BNB: Previously, you earned 2,000 points for the $20 that got swapped. Now, you will receive 10,000 points for the total $100 zapped in, not just for the swapped amount.

    Previous Mechanics:

    We will only give points for Zap In, Zap Out, Compound, and Rebalance based on the swap volume triggered: 100 points per $1 swap triggered

    Below are some examples:

    • Zap In an out-range position: No point since there is no swap triggered
    • Zap In 100 USDT into an in-range ETH/BNB position: 10,000 points, since the whole 100 USDT got swapped into ETH and BNB
    • Zap In $100 worth of ETH into an in-range ETH/BNB position, in which $20 worth of ETH was swapped into BNB: 2,000 points, given $20 worth of ETH got swapped

    (Same for Zap Out, Compound, and Rebalance)

    The Rule for Auto-Rebalance

    🔵 Updated on 10/06/2024: For the Auto-Rebalance feature, a new points mechanism has been implemented. Now, when the Auto-Rebalance feature is triggered, you will earn 100 points per dollar processed through this feature.


    How do I get my Krystal Points?

    To retrieve the retroactive points you’ve already earned, as well as to earn more Krystal Points:

    1. Access Krystal website or download Krystal mobile app (Android | IOS)
    2. Connect your wallet
    3. Go to the Krystal Points tab

    In the Krystal Points tab, you can:

    • Maintain a daily check-in streak to unlock more significant rewards
    • Refer friends using your unique referral link
    • Earn Krystal Points by completing tasks. These tasks can be one-time or recurring and may vary over time. Boost your Krystal Points by regularly checking the Krystal app and completing tasks
    • Check your position on the leaderboard to see how you compare to other Krystal users

    Note: Points earned will be automatically updated after you complete a qualified task. Krystal reserves our rights to eliminate exploiters from our airdrop allocation.


    A long journey ahead…

    The Krystal Points program is our initial step towards actively involving our users in Krystal’s future growth and success.

    We will share more updates about our airdrop and detailed information about the Krystal token soon. Stay tuned by following us!

    LFG! 💚

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  • Introducing Krystal’s Transformation to The Best DApp for Liquidity Provisioning

    Introducing Krystal’s Transformation to The Best DApp for Liquidity Provisioning

    You may have noticed some recent changes at Krystal. Today, we are launching Krystal’s new website and DApp, which perfectly align with our goal of being The Best DApp for Liquidity Provisioning.

    This is one of the biggest updates in our history and a significant milestone in our journey. Created in 2021, Krystal serves as a gateway for you to effortlessly navigate the world of decentralized finance, empowering you to take control of your financial freedom. In the past two and a half years, we have made tremendous progress, delivering numerous features to millions of connected wallets and achieving over 1 million downloads of the Krystal mobile app worldwide, all thanks to our incredible community.

    Our evolution mirrors the constantly evolving needs of our users and the dynamic landscape of the crypto space. This update not only lays the foundation for our long-term mission but also paves the path for a series of forthcoming product upgrades. With a fresh product vision and an unwavering commitment to delivering an exceptional user experience, we are delighted to unveil the new Krystal.

    What’s new?

    We strive to become The Best DApp for Liquidity Provisioning, offering seamless analytics and management tools for maximizing liquidity provision on decentralized exchanges (DEXes).

    To achieve this, we are building Krystal as a DApp with a holistic ecosystem that caters to users’ liquidity provisioning journey, covering Explore → Analytics → Provide → Monitor → Exit. The new Krystal represents a more comprehensive, enhanced, and crypto-native approach.

    New Website UI

    We’ve completely reimagined our site to align perfectly with our product revamp!

    Banner2 1st Thumbnail 2

    New look, same URL. You can still access our website here: https://krystal.app/

    New DApp

    With the current product vision centered around Liquidity Provisioning as the core product, we have developed a new DApp that aims to enhance the user experience for you.

    • The new DApp also shares the focus on Liquidity Provisioning and includes key features such as Portfolio, LP positions, Pool Explorer, and Market Discover, providing you with a comprehensive experience.
    • Additionally, we have introduced a new Overview page that is more tailored to the needs of users (specifically LPers). This page displays important statistics such as Total Portfolio value, Tracking Liquidity Value, PnL, Fees, APR, and also highlights the top pools in the market.
    • Furthermore, to support LPers in monitoring and adjusting their LP, we have included additional features such as Swap, Portfolio management, Token Approvals, and much more.

    Our goal is to provide you with a robust and user-friendly DApp that empowers you to make informed decisions and maximize the potential of your Liquidity Provisioning activities.

    Unlock the full potential of Krystal in a fresh new interface: https://defi.krystal.app/?utm_source=blog&utm_medium=post&utm_campaign=product_revamp


    Please take note that the old URL https://wallet.krystal.app will be automatically changed to https://defi.krystal.app when you access it. There is no need to be concerned about this!

    For your own security, we highly recommend that you visit and bookmark ✅ https://defi.krystal.app!

    Once you have completed the above, the next step is to re-import your wallets on https://defi.krystal.app! This process is extremely easy and will ensure a smooth and uninterrupted experience on Krystal!

    Krystal Wallet

    Banner4 OurWallet 1

    Krystal Wallet continues to be a core component of Krystal ecosystem, acting as the Mobile Gateway to your Liquidity Provisioning.

    Download and install the Krystal mobile app, available on both Android and iOS, to seamlessly access your DeFi portfolio on the move and level up your liquidity provisioning adventure.

    🤖 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.kyrd.krystal

    🍎 https://apps.apple.com/us/app/krystal-one-platform-all-defi/id1558105691

    Looking to the future

    In addition to the existing features, we are exploring the possibilities of introducing cutting-edge tools and services that will empower users to navigate the entire liquidity provisioning process effortlessly. This includes streamlining the full-flow experience within Krystal, making it the ultimate destination for anyone looking to dive into liquidity provisioning.

    Our team is dedicated to delivering unwavering support and assistance to our valued Krystal community. We understand and appreciate the expectations and needs of our community, and we are committed to meeting and surpassing them.

    Get ready for a thrilling journey with Krystal as we embark on this exciting new phase, and create the best DApp for liquidity provisioning that caters to all your needs.

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  • The Role of Automated Market Makers in Crypto Liquidity Provision

    The Role of Automated Market Makers in Crypto Liquidity Provision

    Crypto has truly revolutionized the financial landscape, introducing innovative technologies and financial instruments that are highly efficient. Among these innovations, Automated Market Makers (AMMs) have played a pivotal role in reshaping liquidity provision within the crypto market 📈

    In this blog, we’ll explore the essential role of AMMs in crypto liquidity provision, their benefits, real-world examples, challenges, and future developments 😎

    Ready to get started? 🙌


    Key Takeaways

    • AMMs, powered by smart contracts and algorithms, have transformed how liquidity is provided and traded in the crypto market.
    • Unlike traditional market makers that rely on centralized intermediaries and capital reserves, AMMs operate autonomously and enable direct peer-to-peer trading on decentralized exchanges (DEXs).
    • AMMs enhance liquidity, trading efficiency, and accessibility, making crypto trading more inclusive and efficient. They also reduce reliance on centralized exchanges, improving user control over funds.
    • Prominent AMMs like Uniswap, KyberSwap, PancakeSwap, Curve, and Pendle have demonstrated the versatility and utility of AMM technology in various blockchain ecosystems.
    • Impermanent loss and potential risks, such as smart contract vulnerabilities, underscore the importance of due diligence and risk management for liquidity providers in AMMs.
    • AMMs continue to evolve, with ongoing refinements in design and algorithms to address challenges like impermanent loss. They are also being integrated into the broader DeFi ecosystem for seamless financial activities.

    Understanding Automated Market Makers (AMMs)

    Before diving into the role of AMMs, it’s crucial to understand their fundamental principles and how they differ from traditional market makers 🤔

    Traditional market makers are typically centralized entities that facilitate trading by offering buy and sell orders. They rely on significant capital reserves to maintain liquidity 💰

    AMMs, on the other hand, operate autonomously through smart contracts and algorithms. They enable users to trade assets directly on blockchain-based decentralized exchanges (DEXs) without relying on intermediaries.

    AMMs automatically adjust the price of assets based on the supply and demand within the platform, making trading accessible to a broader range of participants 📈

    AMMs primarily use two assets, typically referred to as “liquidity pools,” to facilitate trading pairs. These pools are governed by predetermined mathematical rules encoded in smart contracts. When a trader wants to make a swap, they interact with the AMM’s smart contract, which calculates the exchange rate based on the pool’s current asset balances 💹


    Benefits of Automated Market Makers

    The adoption of AMMs has brought several advantages to the crypto market:

    1️⃣ Increased Liquidity and Trading Efficiency: AMMs provide continuous liquidity by allowing users to trade assets 24/7 without waiting for traditional market hours. This increases market efficiency and reduces bid-ask spreads, resulting in better prices for traders 💪

    2️⃣ Greater Accessibility: AMMs democratize access to crypto trading by enabling smaller investors to participate without facing the barriers often associated with traditional financial markets. Users can provide liquidity to AMMs and earn fees, levelling the playing field 💪

    3️⃣ Lower Reliance on Centralized Exchanges: AMMs promote decentralized trading, reducing reliance on centralized exchanges that can be prone to downtime and regulatory scrutiny. Users have more control over their funds, reducing counter-party risk 🙌

    Case Studies and Examples

    Several AMMs have gained prominence in crypto over the past few years. Some of them include:

    🦄 Uniswap: The OG! Uniswap V3 is a popular AMM protocol that allows users to provide liquidity within customized price ranges through concentrated liquidity, offering greater control and potential fee optimization. LPs on Uniswap V3 can track their positions using tools like Krystal Liquidity Lens, gaining smart insights into their holdings and performance.

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    🟢 KyberSwap: KyberSwap is an integral part of the Kyber Network, which provides on-chain liquidity for various DeFi applications. KyberSwap offers a wide range of tokens for trading, allowing users to participate in Kyber’s liquidity program by providing liquidity to token pairs. KyberSwap LPs can effortlessly track and manage their positions using cutting-edge tools like Krystal Liquidity Lens, empowering them with crypto-native analytics and in-depth performance insights.

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    🥞 PancakeSwap: Initially launched on the BNB Binance Smart Chain but now available on Ethereum, Arbitrum, Polygon zkEVM and more, PancakeSwap V3 is a popular DEX that provides a wide array of DeFi services, including yield farming and AMM-based trading. Very popular among BNB Degens!

    You can also track liquidity providers (LPs) on PancakeSwap V3 through Krystal Liquidity Lens feature available here! Stay updated with the latest LPs data and monitor your LPs with ease.

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    🍣 Sushiswap: LPs in SushiSwap are formed by token pairs like ETH/USDT or DAI/USDC. Users can provide an equal value of both tokens to create a balanced liquidity pool. By doing so, they become liquidity providers (LPs) and receive LP tokens in return. These LP tokens represent their ownership in the pool and can be redeemed for their proportionate share of the pooled assets.

    LPs in SushiSwap play a vital role in token availability for trading and also earn fees generated by the exchange. Whenever a trade occurs in a liquidity pool, a portion of the trading fees is distributed among the LPs based on their share in the pool.

    Now you can track LPs on SushiSwap using the Krystal Liquidity Lens feature, accessible here! Stay in the loop with real-time LPs data and effortlessly monitor your LPs.

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    🔵 Pendle: Pendle Finance introduces novel yield tokenization and AMM concepts, allowing users to maximize yield generation on their assets. Users can tokenize future yield from their assets, enabling more advanced strategies for yield optimization. This introduces a new dimension to DeFi by allowing users to trade, lend, and borrow future yield streams.

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    Challenges and Limitations With AMMs

    While AMMs offer numerous benefits, they are not without challenges:

    • 📉 Impermanent Loss Variability: Impermanent loss is a key concern for liquidity providers on AMMs. While it’s a temporary loss that may diminish over time, the extent of impermanent loss depends on various factors, including the assets’ price volatility and the specific AMM design. Liquidity providers may find it challenging to accurately predict and manage this loss. We have written a complete guide on it here.
    • 💰 Limited Fee Generation During Low Volatility: AMMs generate fees from trading activity within their liquidity pools. However, during periods of low volatility or when trading volumes are minimal, the fees earned by liquidity providers can be insufficient to compensate for impermanent loss or operational costs. This can discourage liquidity provision during quieter market phases.
    • ⚠️ Slippage and Front-Running: AMMs can be susceptible to slippage, either through large trades that impact asset prices within the liquidity pool and also based on the size of the pool. So as an LP, keeping an eye on the total pool size is vital. Additionally, front-running by malicious actors can manipulate prices and lead to undesirable trading outcomes. These issues can result in reduced profitability for liquidity providers and erode trust in AMM protocols.

    Future Developments of AMMs

    The world of AMMs is dynamic, with continuous innovations and developments:

    • ✅ Evolution of AMMs: AMMs are continually improving their algorithms to minimize impermanent loss and optimize fee generation. Innovations like concentrated liquidity and dynamic fee structures are being explored 📈
    • ✅ More DeFi Integrations: AMMs are increasingly integrated into DeFi platforms, enabling users to participate in yield farming, lending, borrowing, and other DeFi activities pretty seamlessly 💪
    • Advanced Liquidity Tracking Tools: As AMMs become more intricate, liquidity tracking tools like Krystal’s Liquidity Lens will continue to evolve and will play a crucial role. They provide real-time insights, risk assessment, and optimization suggestions, empowering liquidity providers to make informed decisions in the evolving world of DeFi.


    AMMs have emerged as a transformative force in crypto liquidity provision. They have democratized access to trading, increased efficiency, and reduced dependence on centralized exchanges 🚀

    While challenges exist, ongoing innovation and integration with DeFi suggest a promising future for AMMs. As the crypto market continues to evolve, AMMs will likely play a pivotal role in shaping the broader financial landscape, ushering in a new era of decentralized finance 🔥

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  • How To Secure Your Crypto From Malicious Smart Contracts?

    How To Secure Your Crypto From Malicious Smart Contracts?

    In recent years, smart contracts have gained immense popularity in the world of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency. These self-executing contracts automatically enforce and facilitate the terms of an agreement without the need for intermediaries 🚫

    While smart contracts offer numerous advantages in terms of efficiency and transparency, they also come with inherent risks, including the potential for malicious actors to deploy harmful smart contracts ⚠️

    In this article, we will explore what malicious smart contracts are, how to identify them, and the best practices for safeguarding your funds and data 🔒

    Let’s get going! 🔥

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    Key Takeaways:

    • Smart contracts have gained popularity for their efficiency and transparency, but they also carry inherent risks, including the potential for malicious smart contracts that can harm your funds and data.
    • Recognizing malicious smart contracts can be challenging, but signs such as unverified code, unrealistic promises, low activity, and negative community feedback can help you stay vigilant.
    • Implement best practices to protect yourself, including using trusted wallets, enabling 2FA, keeping software updated, and staying informed about security threats.
    • Krystal Wallet offers a valuable tool called Token Approval, allowing you to revoke access to suspicious contracts easily, enhancing your security in crypto.
    • Continuous learning and staying updated about the blockchain ecosystem’s security are essential to safeguarding your assets and data.

    What Are Malicious Smart Contracts?

    Malicious smart contracts are blockchain-based programs intentionally designed to deceive or harm users. These contracts can be deployed on various blockchain networks, including Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and more. They pose a significant threat to both the security of your funds and the confidentiality of your data. 🔓

    How can they harm your funds and data? 🧐

    1. ⛔️ Theft of Funds: Malicious smart contracts can exploit vulnerabilities in the code to drain funds from your wallet. They may trick you into approving unlimited spending access, sending your assets to them or manipulating transactions to siphon off your crypto.
    2. ⛔️ Data Manipulation: Some malicious smart contracts can tamper with the data stored on the blockchain, potentially altering transaction details or compromising sensitive information.
    3. ⛔️ Unauthorized Access: These contracts might gain unauthorized access to your wallet, enabling them to control your assets and interact with your tokens and dApps without your consent.

    How To Identify Malicious Smart Contracts?

    Identifying malicious smart contracts can be challenging, as they often be masked as legitimate ones. However, there are some signs to watch out for 👇

    1. Unaudited Code: Always review the source code of a smart contract or a dApp before interacting with it. Contracts with unverified or unaudited code are riskier 😬
    2. Unusual Permissions: Check the permissions requested by a smart contract. If it seeks excessive access to your assets or data, be cautious 🧐
    3. Too Good to Be True: Be cautious of contracts or dApps promising unrealistic returns or incentives. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is 🤷‍♂️
    4. Low Activity: Check the contract’s activity on blockchain explorers like Etherscan, Polygonscan, etc. Contracts with little or no activity may be suspicious 😅
    5. Community Feedback: Research the contract’s or the dApp’s reputation and user reviews in online crypto communities like Twitter, Discord or Telegram. Beware of contracts with negative feedback 👀

    To avoid these types of malicious smart contracts, stick to the basics:

    • Stick to well-known and reputable platforms and dApps.
    • Use trusted wallets like Krystal and ensure they have security features in place.
    • Avoid engaging with contracts that require excessive permissions.

    Best Practices To Protect Yourself

    To protect yourself from malicious smart contracts, consider the following best practices:

    1. ✅ Token Approval with Krystal Wallet: Krystal Wallet offers a valuable feature called Token Approval. This tool allows you to revoke access to any scam contract you might have accidentally approved. You can select the smart contract under ‘Approved Spender’ and view it on a blockchain explorer. If it appears suspicious, you can easily revoke access with a simple click.
    2. ✅ Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Enhance the security of your wallet by enabling 2FA wherever possible. This extra layer of protection can prevent unauthorized access to your assets. With Krystal Wallet, you can set up 2FA right from when you sign up!
    3. ✅ Stay Informed: Keep yourself updated about new security threats and vulnerabilities in the blockchain ecosystem. Follow reputable sources of information, such as blogs, forums, and official announcements from blockchain projects.
    4. ✅ Regularly Update Software: Ensure that your wallet software and any related applications are up to date. Developers often release updates to patch security vulnerabilities. With Krystal Wallet, we let our users know of any upcoming security or feature updates so that you can update the application accordingly.


    Protecting your funds and data from malicious smart contracts is crucial in the rapidly evolving world of blockchain technology.

    By understanding what these contracts are, how to identify them, and following best practices like those offered by Krystal Wallet, you can significantly reduce the risks associated with smart contract interactions 📉

    Remember, vigilance and informed decision-making are your best allies in the world of crypto and smart contracts. Stay safe, stay secure, and follow the best practices discussed in this article to safeguard your assets and data 💪

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  • Unveiling the Power of Zero-Knowledge Proofs in Crypto

    Unveiling the Power of Zero-Knowledge Proofs in Crypto

    Ensuring the privacy and security of transactions has become absolutely vital in crypto. One groundbreaking solution that has risen to prominence is Zero-Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs). ZKPs leverage the power of cryptography to enable one party to prove the truth of a statement to another party without revealing any additional information, offering a new level of privacy and security 🔒

    In this blog, we’ll dive into the inner workings of ZKPs, explore their significance in the crypto market, and examine real-world use cases and case studies 👇

    Key Takeaways

    • Zero-Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs) are cryptographic techniques that allow the verification of information without revealing the underlying data. They enhance privacy and security in various applications, particularly in blockchain and decentralized finance (DeFi).
    • ZKPs enable one party (the prover) to prove the truth of a statement to another party (the verifier) without disclosing additional information.
    • ZKPs find applications in digital identity verification, privacy-preserving transactions, shielded transactions in cryptocurrencies like Zcash, tokenization, global compliance, and more.
    • ZK-SNARKs and zk-rollups are essential technologies in the ZKP space, used in various DeFi projects and blockchains like Zcash, Polygon, and BNB Chain.
    • The future holds potential for cross-chain privacy layers, the rise of zk-STARKs for efficiency and security, and user-friendly toolkits to make ZKPs more accessible.

    How Zero-Knowledge Proof Works

    Zero-Knowledge Proofs operate on the fundamental principles of cryptography. They allow for the verification of a statement’s truth while keeping the underlying information hidden 🧐

    This is achieved through a process involving a prover and a verifier, ensuring that:

    1. 🫂 Completeness: If the statement is true, both parties are convinced.
    2. 🔈 Soundness: If the statement is false, the prover cannot deceive the verifier.
    3. 🤓 Zero-Knowledge: The verifier learns nothing beyond the statement’s validity.

    There are two main types of Zero-Knowledge Proofs:

    1. Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs: These require back-and-forth communication between the prover and verifier. Think of it as a conversation that verifies a statement’s truth through interaction.
    2. Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs: These provide proof without ongoing interaction. A one-time presentation of evidence is sufficient, making them highly efficient.

    Applying Zero-Knowledge Proof in Crypto

    There are two main methods that can be used to apply Zero-Knowledge Proofs in crypto 👇


    ZK-SNARK (Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge) is a cryptographic technique. It allows one party to prove knowledge of a fact without revealing the actual information. Key features include:

    • ✅ Zero-Knowledge: Prover can prove a statement’s truth without revealing details.
    • ✅ Succinctness: Proofs are efficient and compact.
    • ✅ Non-Interactive: Prover and verifier communicate once.
    • ✅ Reliable: Designed to prevent cheating and false proofs.

    It’s widely used in blockchain for privacy and scalability, allowing users to validate transactions or smart contracts without disclosing sensitive data.

    ZK Rollup

    ZK-Rollup is a blockchain scaling solution that improves efficiency and scalability, particularly for Ethereum. It uses Zero-Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs) to:

    • ✅ Boost Scalability: ZK-Rollups aggregate multiple transactions into a single proof, increasing blockchain transaction capacity.
    • ✅ Cut Fees: Off-chain computation reduces transaction costs, easing the load on the Ethereum network.
    • ✅ Ensure EVM Compatibility: ZK-Rollups work seamlessly with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and existing smart contracts.
    • ✅ Maintain Security: They inherit security from the underlying blockchain, such as Ethereum, ensuring strong cryptographic protection.

    In essence, ZK-Rollups make blockchains faster and more cost-effective while preserving security and compatibility.

    Use Cases of Zero-Knowledge Proof for Web3 Wallets

    Zero-knowledge proofs offer several advantages for Web3 wallets, enhancing privacy, security, and efficiency in various ways:

    Firstly, ZKPs allow users to prove possession of certain information without revealing the actual data, reducing the risk of key theft or exposure. They also eliminate the need to share sensitive information like private keys or passwords, which can be vulnerable to various attacks. Additionally, ZKPs reduce the computational and network resources required for verification, leading to faster transactions and lower fees.

    Furthermore, ZKPs facilitate cross-chain transactions and interoperability between various cryptocurrencies, making it easier for users to manage diverse portfolios from a single wallet. They also enable selective disclosure of information, allowing users to comply with regulatory requirements while protecting personal privacy. Additionally, ZKPs reduce the need to trust third parties with sensitive information, simplifying user authentication and authorization processes and allowing wallets to implement more sophisticated security models.

    Finally, ZKPs can provide cryptographic proofs of wallet balances, transactions, or other activities on the blockchain, reducing the attack surface for potential threats and enhancing wallet security.

    Top Projects Leveraging Zero-Knowledge Proof

    Let’s explore a few examples of successful projects harnessing the power of Zero-Knowledge Proofs:

    1. StarkEx 🟠

    StarkEx is a Layer-2 scalability solution built on Ethereum that employs STARK proofs for validating transactions.

    Projects like DeversiFi and dYdX have utilized StarkEx, facilitating hundreds of billions of dollars in trading volume with enhanced privacy and scalability.


    2. Immutable X ⚫️

    Immutable X is an NFT platform that utilizes application-specific zk-rollups with StarkEx.

    It supports tens of millions of NFT trades with low fees, even during network congestion on Ethereum, while preserving user privacy.

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    3. Polygon zkEVM (Rollup) 🟣

    Polygon zkEVM is a zk-Rollup designed to be EVM-equivalent, which means it offers greater scalability while maintaining compatibility with existing Ethereum tools and clients.

    It serves as one of the public networks within the Polygon ecosystem alongside Polygon PoS (2.0). The key distinction is that it provides a slightly higher level of security, making it suitable for applications that handle high-value transactions, such as DeFi.

    Polygon zkEVM’s mainnet launched in March 2023, with significant Total Value Locked (TVL) and transactions on the network.

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    4. zkSync Era ⚪️

    zkSync Era is a project developed by Matter Labs. Its mainnet went live in March 2023 and has quickly gained traction with over $450 million TVL and millions of transactions in a short time.

    zkSync Era prioritizes speed in proof generation through its custom VM and native support for Ethereum cryptographic primitives. It simplifies testing, enhances user experience with native account abstraction, and aims to support languages like Rust and C++.

    It also provides a robust L1-L2 contract messaging system, enabling seamless data transfer between Ethereum and zkSync.

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    5. Linea 🔵

    Linea is a zk-rollup-based Ethereum Layer 2 developed by ConsenSys, known for creating MetaMask and Truffle. It’s Alpha Mainnet started in July 2023, with around $50 million in assets locked on the network.

    What sets Linea apart is its compatibility with Ethereum. It aims to become fully compatible with Ethereum, while also improving scalability.

    One standout feature is that Linea doesn’t require additional tools or compilers. It directly works with Ethereum’s original programming code, reducing the risk of errors and hacks. This means Linea offers the security of Ethereum but with lower transaction costs.

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    Limitations of ZKP Implementations

    1. 😬 Verification Uncertainty: ZKPs don’t provide absolute assurance of truth, with a small chance of deception in each verification cycle.
    2. 🛠️ Hardware Expenses: Specialized and costly hardware is often needed to handle ZKPs, limiting accessibility.
    3. 💻 Intensive Computation: ZKPs require complex algorithms, demanding significant computational power and potentially higher transaction fees.
    4. 🤯 Quantum Computing Vulnerability: Future quantum computing advancements could pose a threat. While most of it is secure with current technology, the development of quantum computers in the future could potentially compromise its security.

    Future Developments

    The future of ZKPs holds promise. Expect to see:

    • 🚀 Cross-Chain Privacy Layers: Enhanced interoperability between different blockchain networks while preserving transaction privacy.
    • 🚀 zk-STARKs: More efficient and secure zero-knowledge proofs with faster verification and no need for trusted setups.
    • 🚀 User-Friendly Toolkits: Simplified ZKP toolkits to make this technology accessible to developers from diverse backgrounds.


    Zero-Knowledge Proofs are revolutionizing the crypto market by providing an innovative solution for privacy, security, and scalability. Their applications, from securing transactions to verifying smart contracts, are reshaping the landscape of blockchain technology 🔥

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    As ZKPs continue to evolve and overcome current limitations, they are set to play an even more pivotal role in creating a crypto ecosystem that is more secure, private, and efficient. The future of Zero-Knowledge Proofs is one of boundless potential, and their importance in the crypto market cannot be overstated 📈

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  • The Rise of SocialFi: How Social Media and DeFi are Converging to Create a New Financial Landscape

    The Rise of SocialFi: How Social Media and DeFi are Converging to Create a New Financial Landscape

    In the rapidly evolving landscape of digital innovation, Social Finance (SocialFi) has emerged as a groundbreaking concept that combines social media and decentralized finance (DeFi) 🔥

    This innovative approach to networking and content creation has the potential to reshape the way we interact on the internet.

    By integrating the principles of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency, SocialFi aims to revolutionize traditional social media platforms, offering users enhanced control, privacy, and monetization opportunities 🚀

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    Key Takeaways

    • SocialFi merges social media and DeFi for enhanced user control over data, content, and privacy, challenging conventional platform control.
    • It not only allows content creators to earn from their posts but also from activities like NFT minting and gaming, unlocking new avenues for sustainable income generation.
    • Unlike traditional platforms, SocialFi ensures that advertising revenues are distributed equitably, enabling content creators to potentially earn more from their engagement.
    • Scaling SocialFi to accommodate the immense data volumes of social media remains a challenge, necessitating innovative solutions like sharding and warp sync to maintain performance.
    • SocialFi’s user-centric model aligns with the growing demand for data privacy and ownership, likely driving its adoption and challenging traditional social media platforms.

    The Potential of SocialFi

    Traditional social media platforms have long been criticized for centralized control, data privacy issues, and unequal distribution of profits to creators 😅

    In stark contrast, SocialFi presents a decentralized alternative that addresses these exact shortcomings:

    💪 Comparative Advantage: SocialFi’s decentralized nature eliminates the middleman, granting users greater control over their data, content, and privacy.

    This stands in contrast to the conventional model where large corporations like Facebook, Google, etc. hold the reins.

    🔒 Enhanced Privacy: With reports of data breaches and privacy violations becoming commonplace, SocialFi’s focus on privacy protection using blockchain standards resonates with users who seek a more secure online environment.

    💰 Monetization Opportunities: One of SocialFi’s most enticing features is its ability to empower content creators to monetize their work effectively.

    Unlike traditional platforms, SocialFi allows users not only to fairly earn from content creation but also from engaging in decentralized activities like gaming and NFT minting.

    📈 Fair Advertising Revenues: SocialFi’s equitable distribution of advertising revenues levels the playing field for content creators.

    This approach ensures that users have the potential to earn more from their content and engagement within the network. X (formerly Twitter) has started taking this approach but SocialFi platforms will take this to another level.


    The Challenges of SocialFi

    Despite its potential, SocialFi faces challenges that must be addressed for better adoption:

    📈 Scalability: Social media platforms process enormous amounts of data daily. Ensuring that SocialFi platforms can handle such volumes while maintaining efficiency and speed, using blockchain technology, is a significant technical hurdle.

    💰 Sustainability of Economic Models: Creating and maintaining economic models that provide long-term sustainability while offering attractive incentives to participants is critical for the success of SocialFi platforms.

    Initially, the platforms reward users with crazy incentives to attract more users but that hype usually dies down after a week (like seen with Friend.tech). Maintaining the hype is the key challenge

    Popular Protocols in SocialFi

    Several successful SocialFi projects are already gaining traction:

    1️⃣ DeSo

    A decentralized social network that gives users full control over their data and content. DeSo allows users to create profiles, share content, and interact with others in a secure and transparent way.

    One of the main advantages of DeSo is its focus on social finance (SocialFi), which allows users to monetize their content and grow their audience. DeSo uses a native cryptocurrency called $DESO, which can be used to tip creators, purchase exclusive content, and participate in SocialFi services.

    DeSo also aims to address some of the major issues facing traditional social media platforms, such as censorship and data breaches.

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    2️⃣ BitClout

    A social media platform that merges the power of social media with the potential for financial gain. Unlike traditional social media platforms, BitClout allows users to invest in other users’ profiles using a unique cryptocurrency, BitClout. Users can buy and sell creator coins, which are tied to the value of a specific user’s profile, and earn a return on their investment if the value of that profile increases.

    One of the significant advantages of BitClout is the potential for creators to monetize their content in a way that is not possible on conventional social media platforms. By enabling users to invest in their profiles, creators can earn money based on the value of their content and the engagement it generates. Additionally, because the value of creator coins is linked to the value of a particular profile, creators can earn money merely by increasing the value of their profile through their content and engagement.

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    3️⃣ Mirror

    A decentralized network that enables users to publish, share, and discover high-quality content. It is a SocialFi project that aims to create a new model for online content distribution by providing a platform that rewards both content creators and curators.

    Mirror’s unique advantage lies in its use of blockchain technology, which allows for transparent and secure transactions between users. The platform’s native token, MIR, is used to reward content creators and curators, as well as to incentivize engagement and participation within the network. By providing a fair and transparent way for users to earn rewards for their contributions, Mirror is creating a more sustainable and equitable model for online content creation and distribution.

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    4️⃣ Friend.tech

    Friend.tech, a decentralized social platform on Coinbase’s Layer-2 network, Base, is in invite-only beta. Users tokenize their social presence, selling “shares” to followers for private messaging.

    Friend.tech uses a peer-to-peer network, meaning that users communicate directly with each other rather than through a central server, further enhancing security and privacy. It targets Twitter influencers and gains traction but faces doubts due to its vague origins, roadmap, outages, and data privacy issues. Despite letting users cash out in-app profits, security measures and future plans are unclear.

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    5️⃣ Cyber Connect

    CyberConnect is a multi-chain social graph protocol spanning on Ethereum, BNB Chain, and Polygon. It offers developers a foundation for creating apps and users a platform to build digital identities and content. Boasting 1.4 million users since its 2022 launch, with a strong presence on BNB Chain, CyberConnect’s flagship app, Link3, aims to be the secure Web3 counterpart of LinkedIn, with smooth interactions within communities and protocols and combating online scams seen on platforms like Twitter.

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    Future of SocialFi

    The potential for SocialFi’s future growth is immense:

    Widespread Adoption: As users increasingly value control over their data and content, the appeal of SocialFi’s decentralized approach is likely to drive adoption across various demographics 📈

    Evolution of Social Networks: With SocialFi’s influence, traditional social media platforms may integrate DeFi features to compete in the evolving landscape, leading to a more diversified and user-centric online experience📱


    SocialFi’s emergence signals a paradigm shift in how we perceive and engage with social media. By embracing decentralized finance principles, SocialFi offers users greater control, privacy, and monetization opportunities ✨

    While challenges remain, the potential for SocialFi to reshape the digital landscape is undeniable. As the world gravitates towards a more decentralized future, the transformational impact of SocialFi on social media is poised to be both powerful and enduring.

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  • Enhancing DeFi Connectivity: Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap Enables Secure and Seamless Interoperability in an Interconnected Ecosystem

    Enhancing DeFi Connectivity: Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap Enables Secure and Seamless Interoperability in an Interconnected Ecosystem

    In the ever-evolving world of crypto, innovation is key to unlocking the true potential of decentralized finance (DeFi) and enhancing user experiences 🔥

    One such groundbreaking advancement is cross-chain swaps, which enable users to seamlessly swap assets across different blockchain networks 📈

    In this blog, we will delve into the concept of cross-chain swaps, explore their importance, and introduce Krystal’s cutting-edge Cross Chain Swap feature in partnership with Socket, a leading interoperability stack 💪

    By the end of this blog, you’ll have a clear understanding of how cross-chain swaps work and how to use this feature on Krystal Wallet to your advantage👇


    Key Takeaways

    • Cross-chain swaps enable direct asset swapping between different blockchain networks without centralized intermediaries, providing full control of funds and avoiding centralized exchange risks and fees.
    • Decentralized trading and liquidity provision across multiple chains are facilitated by cross-chain swaps, promoting a more inclusive and interconnected DeFi landscape.
    • Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap, powered by Socket’s interoperability stack, offers a seamless and secure solution for asset exchange between diverse blockchains.
    • Using Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap is simple—connect your wallet, select assets, approve the transaction, and initiate the swap.
    • Cross-chain swaps drive the adoption of decentralized finance, fostering a vibrant and connected DeFi ecosystem.

    What are Cross-Chain Swaps?

    Cross-chain swaps refer to the ability to exchange one crypto directly for another across separate blockchain networks without the need for a centralized intermediary ⛔️

    This process allows users to maintain full control of their funds throughout the transaction, eliminating the risks and fees associated with centralized exchanges.

    By utilizing smart contracts and cryptographic principles, cross-chain swaps ensure a secure and trustless exchange of assets. Pretty neat! 😎

    You can read more about cross-chain swaps in detail in this blog.

    Why Do We Need Cross-Chain Swaps?

    With thousands of different cryptocurrencies and blockchain networks, it becomes challenging for users to interact seamlessly between these systems 📈

    Cross-chain swaps address this challenge by enabling decentralized trading and liquidity provision across multiple chains.

    This interoperability fosters a more inclusive and interconnected DeFi landscape, encouraging innovation and user participation. More people, more fun! 🔥

    Introducing Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap

    Krystal Wallet has joined forces with Socket, a comprehensive interoperability stack, to develop our powerful Cross Chain Swap feature 🔥

    Socket’s technology allows for the secure and efficient transfer of assets and data across diverse blockchain networks, making it an ideal partner for Krystal’s cross-chain solution 😎

    Together, we aim to empower developers to build truly cross-chain applications and unlock new opportunities for users to trade and utilize their assets seamlessly 🚀

    Currently we are supporting the following chains:

    1. BNB Smart Chain
    2. Avalanche
    3. Ethereum
    4. Optimism
    5. Arbitrum
    6. Polygon
    7. Fantom
    8. Aurora

    How Do You Use the Krystal Cross Chain Swap?

    Using Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap feature is SUPER simple 😎

    Follow these step-by-step instructions to experience the magic of cross-chain asset exchange:

    🔒 Connect Wallet: Begin by connecting your preferred wallet to Krystal App. Ensure that you have funds available on the desired blockchain network.

    💰 Select Assets and Network: Choose the cryptocurrency and the blockchain network you wish to swap and the one you want to receive in return. Krystal’s user-friendly interface makes it easy to find the available options.


    You can also choose the slippage tolerance rate and the preferred route.


    ✅ Review Your Swap: The platform will prompt you to review the swap to double-check all the fields. This step ensures the security of the swap.


    🔄 Initiate Swap: Once reviewed, initiate the swap by signing the transaction from your wallet.


    🚀 Confirmation and Completion: After a few moments, the swap will be confirmed and completed. You can track the status of the swap and check when it’s done. You will now have the new asset in the desired network in your wallet.



    Cross-chain swaps represent a transformative leap forward in the blockchain space, breaking down barriers between various networks and revolutionizing DeFi 🫡

    Krystal’s Cross Chain Swap brings a new level of:

    • convenience
    • efficiency
    • security

    By enabling users to seamlessly exchange assets across different chains, we are driving the adoption of decentralized finance and fostering a more connected and vibrant ecosystem 🔥

    The potential benefits are immense, and with simple and effective solutions like ours, the future of DeFi looks brighter than ever 😎

    Happy swapping! 💪

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  • Empowering Access: Krystal Wallet Introduces Custom EVM Compatibility on Mobile App

    Empowering Access: Krystal Wallet Introduces Custom EVM Compatibility on Mobile App

    Krystal Wallet users can now add custom EVM networks on our mobile app, providing you with greater freedom to connect and interact with a wider range of chains. You will be able to track, receive and store any EVM tokens, and seamlessly connect and interact with various EVM DApps via DApp browser in your Krystal Wallet.

    Download the latest version of Krystal Wallet to take advantage of this new feature!

    Krystal Wallet now supports more networks than ever

    With this development, Krystal users gain enhanced flexibility and accessibility within the blockchain ecosystem. This feature empowers you to effectively manage a diverse digital asset portfolio across various chains from a single wallet. Additionally, Krystal Wallet’s capacity to store and track tokens across any EVM network enables effortless interaction with EVM DApps, expanding your opportunities to explore and engage with the ever-growing number of blockchain-based services and utilities. This advancement broadens asset management within a single wallet and enables seamless interaction with various EVM DApps.

    How to add a custom EVM network?

    We’ve made it simple for you to add custom EVM networks in your Krystal Wallet.

    Step 1: Open Krystal mobile app and navigate to the Browser page.

    image 5

    Step 2: Search for Chainlist, or locate it in the DApp directory.
    You can star to bookmark it for easy access in the future.

    image 6
    Search for Chainlist

    Step 3: Enter the network name you intend to add and click Add to Metamask.

    image 2

    Step 4: Select Confirm to add the network.

    image 3

    Step 5: Return to Wallet and the newly added network will be visible.

    image 4

    You can also click on the network name to toggle between networks. Opt for All networks for a comprehensive overview of your assets all chains (default and added).

    Get the most updated version of Krystal Wallet in the App Store or Google Play Store to start connecting and interacting with new chains today!

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